18 Nov, 2009 Last updated: 27 Jan, 2015

This review focuses on bystander action in response to both interpersonal and systemic racism.

Download: Bystander approaches in support of preventing race-based discrimination (386KB)

This review focuses on bystander action in response to both interpersonal and systemic racism. The potential role of the bystander is explored in relation to the varied forms and levels of racism, and across multiple levels and settings. It is based on the assumption that such action may be applied across a range from preventing racism occurring, to limiting its reoccurrence, to intervening after a racist incident.